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  1. #1
    maxice is offline Member
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    Nov 2010
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    Question Decode Binary Packet via TCP Socket

    Hi All,

    I am kind new to java and have a problem with packet decoding. I am hoping you will be able to help me with this.

    I have written a TCP socket listener which seems to be working fine. The listener receives packets from a GPS unit (NMEA, protocol C). I understand the data fields in the protocol. My problem is how to go about decoding the binary data received.

    I have tried many ways .. with my limited knowledge, and was not successful. Below i what I initially came up with, but i know it needs a lot more. Please help me by explaining how to capture the packet and how the decoding process works (like how do i extract the packet details, etc). I searched the net but could not find a solution that I can understand properly.

    Java Code:
    InputStream in = evt.getSocket().getInputStream();      // Input
    OutputStream out = evt.getSocket().getOutputStream();   // Output
    byte[] buff = new byte[1024];                             // Buffer
    int num = -1;                                           // Bytes read
    while( (num = >= 0 ){                    // Not EOS yet
        // Create file stream
        FileWriter fstream = new FileWriter("/var/log/binary_packet_dump.txt",true);
        BufferedWriter bw = new BufferedWriter(fstream);
        bw.write(new String(buff,0,num));
        //Close the output stream


  2. #2
    maxice is offline Member
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    Nov 2010
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    I gess my understanding of the concept is lacking due to my lack of knowledge, but i need to learn how to decode a binary packet received that has been sent to my Java based TCP socket listener.

    It is ok even if it is not a NMEA packet, but in general how to go about decoding a packet, as this is the first time I am doing this and I do not have a proper idea where to start.

    For e.g. in PHP to decode a binary packet I can use a inbuilt function called `unpack`to extract data from binary string.

    So please help me if you can. Again thanks in advance.

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