by, 11-22-2011 at 05:53 PM (1379 Views)
MIDP provides a standard run-time environment that allows new applications and services to be deployed dynamically on end-user devices like cellular phones and pagers. The MIDP is built upon CLDC (Connected Limited Device Configuration).
MIDP is an industry-standard profile for mobile devices and it is not dependent on a specific vendor. It is a provides foundation for mobile application development. MIDP contains following 3 core CLDC packages:
Apart from this, MIDP provides following three MIDP-specific packages:
Lets first talk about java.lang CLDC package. Its a subset of the J2SE java.lang package but with few omissions. Floating point (Float) and double precision (Double) classes are omitted. There are several other classes that are omitted from the CLDC API, including ClassLoader, Compiler, InheritableThreadLocal, Number, Package, Process, RuntimePermission, SecurityManager, StrictMath, ThreadGroup, ThreadLocal, and Void. Do remember that Runnable interface, the Exception, Error classes are supported.
CLDC java.lang core classes are as follows:
Class, Object, Runtime, System, Thread, Throwable
The data types supported by java.lang package are:
Boolean, Byte, Character, Integer, Long, Short
Helper classes provided by CLDC java.lang package are:
Math, String and StringBuffer.
The CLDC java.io package contains many of the standard J2SE io package classes. Following are CLDC java.io input classes:
- ByteArrayInputStream It is used to read bytes from inputstream in to a buffer
- DataInput Its an interface that is used (its implementations) to read bytes from a binary input stream. After reading, the bytes are translated into primitive Java data types.
- DataInputStream- It provides an implementation of DataInput interface.
- DataInputStream It is used to read primitive Java data types from the underlying input stream in a platform-independent way.
- InputStream Its an abstract class that is the superclass of all classes representing an input stream of bytes.
- InputStreamReader It is used to reads bytes and translates them into characters according to a specified character encoding.
- Reader Its an abstract class for reading character streams.
InputStream classprovides following methods:
Java Code:public int available() throws IOException public void close() throws IOException public void mark(int readlimit) public boolean markSupported() abstract public int read() throws IOException public int read(byte b) throws IOException public int read(byte b, int off, int len) throws IOException public void reset() throws IOException public long skip(long n) throws IOException
Following are CLDC java.io output classes:
- ByteArrayOutputStream - It implements an output stream where data is written into a bytes array.
- DataOutput It is simply an interface which provides (its implementation) writing primitive Java data types to a binary output stream support
- DataOutputStream It is an implementation of DataOutput interface.
- DataOutputStream It is an output stream that allows an application to write primitive Java data types in a portable way.
- OutputStream - It is an abstract class that is the superclass of all classes representing an output stream of bytes.
- OutputStreamReader - This takes characters and translates them into bytes according to a specified character encoding.
- PrintStream It is used to add a convenient way to print a textual representation of data values.
- Writer Write is an abstract class and is used for writing character streams.
The utility package is also available in CLDC and it contains the most frequently used classes from the J2SE java.util package. There exist following 4 collection classes and 1 interface:
- Enumeration Its an interface which allows us to iterate through a collection of items, one at a time.
- Hashtable It implements hashtable interface and maps keys to values.
- Stack - Last-in-first-out (LIFO) collection or stack of objects.
- Vector A list which can store objects.
CLDC java.util also provides support for date and time classes apart from Random class.
- Calendar - Calendar class is an abstract class for getting and setting dates.
- Date Date class represents a specific date and time. It can represent a Date with millisecond precision.
- Random Random class is a utility class and is used to generate a stream of random int or long values.
- TimeZone Its a very useful class that is used to change the data time stamp to different zones. It also handles daylight savings adjustments.