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Thread: How to move elements around in Swing?

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Dec 2013
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    Question How to move elements around in Swing?

    Hi I'm a beginner with the Java AWT/Swing package. And I'm wonder how to move around the x and y position of the elements. If we say that we have a screen and we won't to move that label for example to the left edge of the screen or to the right edge of the screen. How can you do that? I don't know what to use. But you guys that knows this, I'm sure you can help me out! :)

    The code I've written for the program looks like this:

    Window - The main java file
    Java Code:
    package JavaClasses.Testing;
    import java.awt.*; 
    import java.awt.event.*; 
    import javax.swing.*;
    public class Window extends JFrame implements KeyListener
        public JLabel pressed = new JLabel();
        public JLabel text = new JLabel("Press any key: ");
        public JTextField userInput = new JTextField(20);
        public Window(String title, int w, int h)
            // Set the title of the window
            // Set the size of the window
            super.setSize(w, h);
            /*FlowLayout layout = new FlowLayout(FlowLayout.LEFT, 10, 10);
            LinkedGUI gui = new LinkedGUI();
            // Set default close operation
            // Show the window
        public void keyTyped(KeyEvent input) 
            char key = input.getKeyChar();
            pressed.setText("You pressed: " + key);
        public void keyPressed(KeyEvent input) {}
        public void keyReleased(KeyEvent input) {}
        public static void main(String[] args)
            Window win = new Window("GUI", 326, 218);
    FirstGUI - The file that creates the GUI
    Java Code:
    package JavaClasses.Testing; 
    import java.awt.*;
    import javax.swing.*; 
    public class LinkedGUI extends JPanel
        public LinkedGUI()
            JPanel gui             = new JPanel();
            GridLayout layout      = new GridLayout(3, 2);
            JButton[] buttons      = new JButton[5];
            String[] nameOfButtons = {"Button 1", "Button 2", "Button 3"
                    , "Long-Named Button 4", "5"};
            for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++)
                buttons[i]         = new JButton(nameOfButtons[i]);
            JPanel gui2 = new JPanel();
            BorderLayout bordLayout = new BorderLayout(10, 10);
            JLabel axis = new JLabel("Horizontal gap: " + " Vertical gap: ");
            gui2.add(axis, BorderLayout.WEST);
    I'm just practice to create a good looking GUI in Java AWT/Swing. So it would be great if you can create the layout for
    exactly how it should look like :)

  2. #2
    camickr is offline Senior Member
    Join Date
    Jul 2009
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    Default Re: How to move elements around in Swing?

    You use layout managers to position components. You can use nest different panels using different layout mangers to get your desired effect.

    Read the section from the Swing tutorial on A Visual Guide to Layout Managers (The Java™ Tutorials > Creating a GUI With JFC/Swing > Laying Out Components Within a Container), for more information.

    You can also use Borders to get extra space around components. The tutorial also has a section on How to Use Borders.
    gimbal2 and KevinWorkman like this.

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