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  1. #1
    baozhi is offline Member
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    Mar 2010
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    Default executing linux command from Java not working.

    I am trying to run linux sort from Java. but it's not working.

    Process p1 = Runtime.getRuntime().exec("/bin/sort -k5,5 -k1,1n in.txt > out.txt");
    int exitV = p1.waitFor();

    The out.txt never get generated. and exitV always return 2.

    I run the command in Linux, works fine.
    I run Process p1 = Runtime.getRuntime().exec("/bin/touch out.txt"); works fine. so has nothing to do with write permission.

    I've been struggle for a whole. please help!

  2. #2
    iluxa is offline Senior Member
    Join Date
    Mar 2010
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    Experiment with other Runtime.getRuntime().exec() methods, like the ones that take an array of arguments rather than a single line... in principle, what could be happening is that your call gets translated into something like

    /bin/sort "-k5,5 -k1,1n in.txt > out.txt"

  3. #3
    toadaly is offline Senior Member
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    Jan 2009
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    When you exec a function from java, there is no shell in the loop. The ">" is a shell command, so this is not going to do what you expect. If you want to use shell commands, you have to exec a script that invokes the appropriate shell, and then exec the script.

    Java Code:
    contents of script 'theScript.csh'...
    #!/bin/csh -f
    /bin/sort -k5,5 -k1,1n in.txt > out.txt exec command
    Process p1 = Runtime.getRuntime().exec("theScript.csh");

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