# Floats and Doubles and Currency

• 03-08-2014, 01:04 PM
Dark Knight
Floats and Doubles and Currency
Hi guys,

Just done a quick test to try and figure out the difference between floats and doubles.

I made a quick program which outputs the result of 3.3 * 2 as both a float and a double.

I assumed since a float is the larger and more precise of the two data types that there would be more numbers after the decimal point, however this was not the case, it was in fact the double which had more numbers after the decimal point. Result was as follows:

Float: 29.699999
Double: 29.7

BTW for the above code I simply had a few text fields and a button with the following code:
Code:

``` textBox3.setText("" +  Float.parseFloat(textBox1.getText())  * Float.parseFloat(textBox2.getText()));   textBox6.setText("" +  Double.parseDouble(textBox1.getText())  * Double.parseDouble(textBox2.getText()));```
I was just wondering if anyone could explain why this was the case?

Also, as these are limited to a certain amount of numbers im thinking there must be a more precise way for currency, if so what would I use for that?

I suppose what im trying to figure out is what data type to use in different scenarios? When to use integer, float, double and long.

Thanks in advance for any help I may get.
• 03-08-2014, 02:09 PM
JosAH
Re: Floats and Doubles and Currency
A float uses 32 bits for its mantissa and exponent, while a double uses 64 bits; a double can store more decimals. Be very careful if floats or doubles have to represent money; for one thing, both can't exactly represent the simple fraction 1/10 (0.1). Better rescale your monetary units and do all your arithmetic in cents and use simple ints or longs. This also fails if you want to use fractions of cents. You have to use BigDecimals then ... Also read this: What Every Computer Scientist Should Know About Floating-Point Arithmetic, it's a must read if you want to do some serious floating point stuff.

kind regards,

Jos
• 03-08-2014, 06:37 PM
jim829
Re: Floats and Doubles and Currency
In fact, the only fractions that can be accurately represented in floating point are those whose denominators are only powers of two. This is analogous to decimal where the terminating (i.e. non-repeating) fraction's denominator must consist only of powers of two and five (the two prime factors if 10).

Regards,
Jim
• 03-09-2014, 01:56 PM
Dark Knight
Re: Floats and Doubles and Currency
Thanks for the response guys, appreciate it.