# Adding individual numbers together from a random number

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• 10-27-2011, 02:36 PM
Nanomech
Adding individual numbers together from a random number
Hi, I am jumping back on the Java for a while after doing some web design stuff.

I am trying to improve my usage with the Math class.

What I would like to do is create a random number. Then take that number and add together the individual digits.

For example, if my number generator outputs "765", I would like to add these numbers 7+6+5 together, to get an answer of 18.

Here is what I have so far:-

Code:

```import java.util.Random; public class ImproveMaths {     public static void main(String[] args) {                 int randomNum;         int sumRandom;                 Random numGen = new Random();                 randomNum = numGen.nextInt(1000);         randomNum++;                 System.out.println(randomNum);         sumRandom =                                         } }```
Thanks in advance for any feedback/guidance you may have.

Regards,

NM.
• 10-27-2011, 03:50 PM
JosAH
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
If a non-negative number n is less than 10, the result is n itself, otherwise the result will be the last digit of n plus the sum of all digits in n/10. (<--- hint: recursion is your friend)

kind regards,

Jos
• 10-27-2011, 06:31 PM
joeyvitoro
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
You're going to want to look at each digit individually. I'd treat the output as a string, cast each char as an int, and just add them.
• 10-27-2011, 06:36 PM
DiamondSoul
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
Quote:

Originally Posted by joeyvitoro
You're going to want to look at each digit individually. I'd treat the output as a string, cast each char as an int, and just add them.

No, this won't work, because if you cast a char to an int, you get the ASCII value of the char, not the numeric value of the char (assuming the char even is numeric). If you subtract '0' from each char, then it would work, but JosAH's solution is much more elegant anyway.
• 10-27-2011, 07:00 PM
joeyvitoro
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
Quote:

Originally Posted by DiamondSoul
No, this won't work, because if you cast a char to an int, you get the ASCII value of the char, not the numeric value of the char (assuming the char even is numeric). If you subtract '0' from each char, then it would work, but JosAH's solution is much more elegant anyway.

Good point. Substring would work. Not as elegant, but I'm not a fancy guy :)
• 10-27-2011, 07:21 PM
Nanomech
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
Thanks for all the feedback guys. I was wondering if JosAH would be able to elaborate a little on what you're saying. I've sat here for a good 20 minutes trying to figure out what you mean.

Regards,

NM.
• 10-27-2011, 07:56 PM
DiamondSoul
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
Consider the number 3795. Suppose you have this number stored in an int variable called n. You can extract the last digit (5) by saying n%10 and you can get the rest of the digits (379) by saying n/10. What Jos was saying is that sum(3795) = 5 + sum(379). Furthermore, you can do this same process repeatedly. So, sum(3795) = 5 + sum(379) = 5 + (9 + sum(37)) = 14 + sum(37) = 14 + (7 + sum(3)) = 21 + sum(3) = 21 + (3 + sum(0)) = 24 + sum(0). The sum of all digits in 0 is obviously 0, so sum(3795) = 24 + sum(0) = 24 + 0 = 24. Now see if you can translate that into Java code. As Jos said, a recursive method would be one way to do it, though I personally would use a while loop instead (uses slightly less memory).
• 10-27-2011, 10:01 PM
Nanomech
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
Ah thank you for that explanation. I think I understand, so because you are essentially dividing 3795 by 10, it can only go in 379 times, so that leaves the remainder of 5. Then you save that in a variable then do the same for the rest?
• 10-28-2011, 12:17 AM
DiamondSoul
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
Pretty much, yeah.
• 10-28-2011, 01:15 AM
pbrockway2
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
Somewhat offtopic in as much as I agree with using numeric techniques, but...

Character has a method for obtaining the numeric value associated with a digit. -'0' is not wrong, but, quick, who can prove it with a URL? The Character method is also nice because it is not indo-arabic chauvanist - it will deal happily with a Roman vee or <your favourite locale>.
• 10-28-2011, 01:22 AM
Junky
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
Character.digit

No url, look it up in the API yourself ;)
• 10-28-2011, 01:39 AM
Nanomech
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
Ok, so this is what I have so far:

Code:

```import java.util.Random; public class DigitSum {     public static void main(String[] args) {                 int randomNum;         int a;         int b;         int c;                 Random numGen = new Random();                 randomNum = numGen.nextInt(1000);         randomNum++;                 System.out.println(randomNum);         a = randomNum % 10;                 System.out.println(a);         System.out.println(randomNum);                         } }```
I extract the end digit but the variable holding the random generated number stays at the same value. I'm racking my brains to try and figure this out, but I just cannot.

Regards,

NM.
• 10-28-2011, 01:45 AM
Junky
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
Quote:

Originally Posted by DiamondSoul
You can extract the last digit (5) by saying n%10 and you can get the rest of the digits (379) by saying n/10.

You only followed half of the suggestion.
• 10-28-2011, 01:56 AM
Nanomech
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
Awesome, I got it!

Thanks so much for the help, couldn't have figured it out with all of your help.

Here's the finished code:

Code:

```import java.util.Random; public class DigitSum {     public static void main(String[] args) {                 int randomNum;         int a;         int b;         int c;         int d;         int e;                 Random numGen = new Random();                 randomNum = numGen.nextInt(1000);         randomNum++;                 System.out.println(randomNum);         a = randomNum % 10;         b = randomNum / 10;         c = b % 10;         d = b / 10;                 e = a + c + d;                 System.out.println(a);         System.out.println(c);         System.out.println(d);         System.out.println("");         System.out.println(e);         } }```
Regards,

NM.
• 10-28-2011, 01:58 AM
Nanomech
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
My next task I am going to try and create a method where I can send the random number and it calculates the sums then sends me back the result.

Regards,

NM.
• 10-28-2011, 02:11 AM
Junky
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
Jos mentioned that this problem was perfect for recursion. If you are not familiar with recursion then you would just use a while loop. Both solutions would work for a number of any length. Your solution is extremely limited.
• 10-28-2011, 07:54 PM
Nanomech
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
See I literally only wanted to be able to add the numbers together from a generated number. What would be the use of the while loop? I don't understand how it would benefit me.

Regards,

NM.
• 10-28-2011, 08:01 PM
JosAH
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
Either use this:

Code:

```int sumOfDigits(int n) {   if (n < 10) return n;   return n%10+sumOfDigits(n/10); }```
or use a loop:

Code:

```int sumOfDigits(int n) {   int s;   for (s= 0; n >= 10; s+= n%10, n/= 10);   return s+n; }```
I picked a for-loop, just because I like it that way but it could've been a while-loop as well ...

kind regards,

Jos
• 10-28-2011, 08:03 PM
DiamondSoul
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
A while loop would make the program more flexible, as well as shorter. The way you have it now, it only works if the number is 3 digits or less.
• 10-28-2011, 08:47 PM
Nanomech
Re: Adding individual numbers together from a random number
With the first bit of code, is line 3 calling the method from within the method?

I think I will use the second code, but I'm just trying to work out the method first before adding it.

Thanks for all helps.

Regards,
NM
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