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Thread: Magic square
 04132010, 09:35 PM #1Member
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Magic square
Alright, I've had so many problems with this that I just made an ongoing thread that way my OCD doesn't keep me from just posting another problem in the same thread. My problem is weird. It compiles fine, but after I enter the size it throws a ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException. I know what that is, I just don't understand why it throws in this instance.
Java Code:public class Magic { public static void main(String[] args) { int order; Scanner input = new Scanner(System.in); Square square; System.out.print("Enter the order of the magic square no greater than 20: "); order = input.nextInt(); square = new Square(order); while(order > 20  order < 3) { System.out.println("Invalid input. Please enter an positive order no greater than 20: "); order = input.nextInt(); } if (order % 2 == 1) { square.oddSquare(); square.printSquare(); //it throws at this line } else if(order % 4 == 0) { square.doubleSquare(); square.printSquare(); } else { square.singleSquare(); square.printSquare(); } } } class Square { int x; int y; int order; int[][] square; int diag; int num; int counter; public Square(int order) { int diag = 1; int num = 1; int counter = 1; } public void oddSquare() { int[][] square = new int[order][order]; y = 0; x = order / 2; square[y][x] = num; //it also throws at this line while (counter <= order) { while (diag <= order) { num += 1; x += 1; y = 1; if (x > order  1) { x = 0; } if (y < 0) { y = order  1; } square[y][x] = num; diag += 1; } diag = 1; counter += 1; y += 1; } } public void singleSquare() { } public void doubleSquare() { } public void printSquare() { System.out.print("+"); for (int i = 1; i <= order; i++) { System.out.print(""); } System.out.println("+"); for (int row = 0; row < order; row++) { for (int col = 0; col < order; col++) { System.out.print(""); System.out.format("%3d" + square[row][col]); } System.out.println(""); System.out.print("+"); for (int i = 1; i <= order; i++) { System.out.print(""); } System.out.println("+"); } } }
 04132010, 09:39 PM #2Member
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Never mind. I just noticed like, eight different problems with this.
 04132010, 09:44 PM #3Senior Member
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Java Code:public void oddSquare() { int[][] square = new int[order][order]; // ...
What you should do instead is this:
Java Code:public void oddSquare() { square = new int[order][order]; // ...
 04132010, 09:47 PM #4Member
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Here's my new code. It now generates a NullPointerException at the same points.
Java Code:public class Magic { public static void main(String[] args) { int order; Scanner input = new Scanner(System.in); Square square; System.out.print("Enter the order of the magic square no greater than 20: "); order = input.nextInt(); square = new Square(order); while(order > 20  order < 3) { System.out.println("Invalid input. Please enter an positive order no greater than 20: "); order = input.nextInt(); } if (order % 2 == 1) { square.oddSquare(); square.printSquare(); } else if(order % 4 == 0) { square.doubleSquare(); square.printSquare(); } else { square.singleSquare(); square.printSquare(); } } } class Square { int x; int y; int order; int[][] square; int diag; int num; int counter; public Square(int order) { int diag = 1; int num = 1; int counter = 1; int[][] square = new int[order][order]; } public void oddSquare() { y = 0; x = order / 2; square[y][x] = num; while (counter <= order) { while (diag <= order) { num += 1; x += 1; y = 1; if (x > order  1) { x = 0; } if (y < 0) { y = order  1; } square[y][x] = num; diag += 1; } diag = 1; counter += 1; y += 1; } } public void singleSquare() { } public void doubleSquare() { } public void printSquare() { System.out.print("+"); for (int i = 1; i <= order; i++) { System.out.print(""); } System.out.println("+"); for (int row = 0; row < order; row++) { for (int col = 0; col < order; col++) { System.out.print(""); System.out.format("%3d" + square[row][col]); } System.out.println(""); System.out.print("+"); for (int i = 1; i <= order; i++) { System.out.print(""); } System.out.println("+"); } } }
 04132010, 09:51 PM #5Member
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Oh sorry, hadn't noticed iluxa's post.
Last edited by gandalf5166; 04132010 at 09:57 PM.
 04132010, 09:54 PM #6Senior Member
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that's more like it.
here's how scopes work in Java:
Java Code:class A { int x = 21; public A () { System.out.println (x); int x = 48; System.out.println (x); printStuff (); } void printStuff () { System.out.println (x); } }
The reason is this: when you say smth like "x=48", Java needs to decide exactly which variable you're talking about. In my example, there's two variables: one belongs to the class, and one you have just declared in the constructor. Java takes the mostrecentlydefined variable into account. When it goes out of scope, however, (meaning you've closed the } ), you're back to the original one.
Here's your code:
Java Code:public Square(int order) { int diag = 1; int num = 1; int counter = 1; int[][] square = new int[order][order]; }
Java Code:public Square(int order) { diag = 1; num = 1; counter = 1; square = new int[order][order]; }
Java Code:public Square(int order) { this.diag = 1; this.num = 1; this.counter = 1; this.square = new int[order][order]; }
 04132010, 10:01 PM #7Member
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Ok, did what you said, and I'm not getting any more error messages, but for some reason all it will print out is 2 +'s no matter what the order is.
 04132010, 10:03 PM #8Senior Member
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that's cause you aren't printing the + signs inside any loop... take a look at your printing code again
 04132010, 10:20 PM #9Member
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Yeah, but it won't print out anything else. Like the 's or the 's or the numbers. And actually, although it is kinda confusing, the +'s are being printed within a loop towards the end.
 04132010, 10:22 PM #10Senior Member
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oh, i see what you're doing.
you're making the scope mistake again.
you're assigning "order" in one place, but using it in another where it was not assigned by anybody  see if you can figure it out.
if you have a debugger, would be useful to step through you program
 04132010, 10:28 PM #11Member
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I have a debugger, I have no idea how to use it though..... :C
 04132010, 10:31 PM #12Senior Member
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In that case, stick "System.out.println ("order now is" + order);" EVERYWHERE and see what's going on
 04132010, 10:33 PM #13Member
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THANK YOU! OK, I can figure out this last error....
 04142010, 06:06 AM #14Member
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OK, it runs perfectly, but I've got a logic error. When it calculates the square it is supposed to start with one at the top in the middle. Then it should go up and to the right and put two there. If it goes of to the right or to the top, it should wrap around. Then, once it reaches a square that is already filled, it should move down a square and continue. The problem is, that instead of moving down, it moves to the right. Here's my code, what's going on?
Java Code:class Square { int x; int y; int order; int[][] square; int diag; int num; int counter; public Square(int order) { this.order = order; this.diag = 1; this.num = 0; this.counter = 1; square = new int[order][order]; } public void oddSquare() { y = 0; x = order / 2; while (counter <= order) { while (diag <= order) { num += 1; if (x > order  1) { x = 0; } if (y < 0) { y = order  1; } square[y][x] = num; diag += 1; x += 1; y = 1; } diag = 1; counter += 1; y += 1; if (y > order  1) { y = 0; } } } public void singleSquare() { } public void doubleSquare() { } public void printSquare() { System.out.print("+"); for (int i = 1; i <= order; i++) { if(i % 2 == 0) { System.out.print(""); } else { System.out.print(""); } } System.out.println("+"); for (int row = 0; row < order; row++) { for (int col = 0; col < order; col++) { System.out.print(""); System.out.format("%3d", + square[row][col]); } System.out.println(""); System.out.print("+"); for (int i = 1; i <= order; i++) { if(i % 2 == 0) { System.out.print(""); } else { System.out.print(""); } } System.out.println("+"); } } public void magicNumber() { } }
 04142010, 09:33 PM #15Member
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I hate to do this...... but bump?
 04142010, 09:48 PM #16Member
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FIGURED IT OUT!
Java Code:while (counter <= order) { while (diag <= order) { num += 1; x += 1; y = 1; if (x > order  1) { x = 0; } if (y < 0) { y = order  1; } square[y][x] = num; diag += 1; } diag = 1; counter += 1; y += 1; }
 04142010, 09:49 PM #17Member
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Actually, that wasn't the problem. The solution still works though!
 04152010, 04:49 AM #18Member
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Ok, so I've started on the method for squares whose orders can be divided by four. The way you do those starts with dividing the square in to as many 4x4 squares as it takes and drawing diagonal lines through each of these smaller squares. So I'm writing the bit that does that. Rather than drawing a line, it changes the value to 900. So the way I'm testing this is, before I write the rest, I'm running the program so it will print out the square with just zeros and 900's. So I should see mostly zeros with diagonal lines of 900's through it. But what I am seeing is a table of zeros. If you're having trouble seeing what I'm doing, draw a 4x4 square and then draw diagonal lines through it. This was the only way I could think of to get the same effect. Here's the code for the line drawing.
Java Code:x = 0; y = 0; for (int i = 0; i <= order / 4; i++){ for (int j = 0; j <= order / 4; j++){ square[y][x] = 900; x += 3; square[y][x] = 900; x += 1; } x = 0; y += 1; for (int j = 0; j <= order / 4; j++) { x += 1; square[y][x] = 900; x += 1; square[y][x] = 900; x += 2; } x = 0; y += 1; for (int j = 0; j <= order / 4; j++) { x += 1; square[y][x] = 900; x += 1; square[y][x] = 900; x += 2; } x = 0; y += 1; for (int j = 0; j <= order / 4; j++) { square[y][x] = 900; x += 3; square[y][x] = 900; x += 1; } y += 1; }
Last edited by gandalf5166; 04152010 at 04:51 AM.
 04152010, 06:57 PM #19Member
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I am forced to do this once again...... bump.
 04152010, 08:08 PM #20Member
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