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 11182010, 04:54 AM #1Member
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Picking a Collection and Design for querying 1G Point objects
Hi everyone, any chance I could get some design tips?
I have one million Point objects where the x and y values are floats with 2 decimal places. These points exist somewhere between a top left corner of (0,0) and a bottom right corner(400,200).
When the user specifies a top left and bottom right Point(for a rectangle) (no slanted diaganol lines), I have to return all of my Point objects that are inside of the Rectangle specified by the user  in less than a second.
I tried making 2 TreeSets  one ordered by X and one ordered by Y, where they both use the same Point objects, (I'm avoiding instantiating double the points). The 1st treeset is instantiated without problems, but when my application attempts instantiating the 2nd TreeSet, I get an outof Heap memory exception. If that were to have worked correctly instead, I was planning on using the "subset" method in TreeSet to get all the Point objects in the user's selected X range, .. and then viceversa on the "Y" treeset for the points matching the user's specified Y rectangle values,.. and then I could take the intersection of those two result lists to arrive at a list with the points inside the user's specified rectangle.
Tweaking the JVM memory is Not going to be an option.
Is there a different design I should be using?
Thanks so much
 11182010, 10:05 AM #2Moderator
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 11182010, 10:50 AM #3Senior Member
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Uhm, why not a list in a list (or a 2dimensional array rather than a 2 dimensional list) with "nonused" points having a null reference? Then simply pull out the indexes that correspond to the x and y coordinates involved?
 11182010, 11:01 AM #4Moderator
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How would you convert the float coordinates to int indexes?
 11182010, 11:44 AM #5Senior Member
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Sorry, didn't notice float, but he said, specifically "with two decimal points", so x 100.
 11182010, 11:50 AM #6Moderator
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Good point.
I just took in the float aspect and missed the two decimal places bit.
:)
I do wonder how big a List that would make, though. If they're already suffering an OOM with two TreeSets containing only the Points that exist, then adding in (albeti null) references for 40000 x 20000...800 million references?
 11182010, 12:26 PM #7
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Maybe the following will fit: for 20000x40000 points (== 8E8 points) a bitset (one bit per point) takes up 1E8 bytes (100 MB). The bit is zero when a point at that coordinate doesn't exist. If the space is (extremely?) sparse this probably won't be a suitable solution.
kind regards,
Joscenosillicaphobia: the fear for an empty beer glass
 11182010, 12:38 PM #8Moderator
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We don't know what the space restrictions are, only that they are sufficiently low to prevent two TreeSets containing the same million objects.
We know the million objects fit (since they can create one TreeSet), but an additional million references (plus whataver overhead there is for a TreeSet) kills it. So I suspect an additional 100Mb would also kill it.
 11222010, 11:09 AM #9Member
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Using an array can be an efficient solution with memory and performance
See the code below which uses both Treeset and array.
import java.awt.Point;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Comparator;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Random;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.SortedSet;
import java.util.StringTokenizer;
import java.util.TreeSet;
class ABC {
public static final int TT_EOL = 10;
}
class TestSwitch {
public static void main(String args[]) {
System.out.println("Treeset *************");
treeSetOper();
System.out.println("Arry *************");
arrayOper();
}
public static void treeSetOper(){
TreeSet<Point> parray1 = new TreeSet<Point>(new XComparator());
TreeSet<Point> parray2 = new TreeSet<Point>(new YComparator());
for(int i = 0 ; i < 1000000 ; i++){
Random r1 = new Random();
Point p = new Point(r1.nextInt(40000),r1.nextInt(20000));
parray1.add(p);
}
Iterator<Point> i = parray1.iterator();
while(i.hasNext()){
Point p = i.next();
parray2.add(p);
}
Point inputTop = new Point(19980,9980);
Point inputBottom = new Point(20020,10020);
long before = System.currentTimeMillis();
SortedSet<Point> subsetx = parray1.subSet(new Point(19980,0), new Point(20020,20000));
SortedSet<Point> subsety = parray2.subSet(new Point(0,9980), new Point(40000,10020));
Set<Point> intersection = new HashSet<Point>(subsetx);
intersection.retainAll(subsety);
long after = System.currentTimeMillis();
System.out.println("Size : " + intersection.size());
System.out.println("Time : " + (afterbefore));
}
public static void arrayOper(){
long before = System.currentTimeMillis();
Point[] parray1 = new Point[1000000];
//Point[] parray2 = new Point[1000000];
for(int i = 0 ; i < 1000000 ; i++){
Random r1 = new Random();
Point p = new Point(r1.nextInt(40000),r1.nextInt(20000));
//Point p = new Point(1,1);
parray1[i]=p;
//parray2[i]=p;
}
//Arrays.sort(parray1,new XComparator());
//Arrays.sort(parray2,new YComparator());
Point inputTop = new Point(19980,9980);
Point inputBottom = new Point(20020,10020);
ArrayList<Point> intersection = new ArrayList<Point>();
for(int i = 0 ; i < 1000000 ; i++){
Point p = parray1[i];
if((p.x >=19980 && p.x <= 20020) && (p.y >=9980 && p.y <= 10020)){
intersection.add(p);
}
}
long after = System.currentTimeMillis();
System.out.println("Size : " + intersection.size());
System.out.println("Time : " + (afterbefore));
}
}
class XComparator implements Comparator<Point>{
public int compare(Point o1, Point o2) {
int retval = 0;
int x = o1.xo2.x;
if(x < 0){
return 1;
}else if(x==0){
}else if(x>0){
return +1;
}
int y = o1.yo2.y;
if(y < 0){
return 1;
}else if(y==0){
}else if(y>0){
return +1;
}
return retval;
}
}
class YComparator implements Comparator<Point>{
public int compare(Point o1, Point o2) {
int retval = 0;
int y = o1.yo2.y;
if(y < 0){
return 1;
}else if(y==0){
}else if(y>0){
return +1;
}
int x = o1.xo2.x;
if(x < 0){
return 1;
}else if(x==0){
}else if(x>0){
return +1;
}
return retval;
}
}
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